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Beginner’s Discipleship #18 : How the Bible Was Made, History of the Bible

Beginner’s Discipleship #18 : How the Bible Was Made, History of the Bible

This topic discusses the Production of the Bible.

Definition of Bible – It’s called The Book because it is God’s ultimate words and messages to us.

Testaments – In both Old (39 Books) & New (27 Books), there are a total of 66 Books

Why are there two Testaments in the Bible?

Hebrews 9:15-19 KJV
[15] And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. [16] For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. [17] For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. [18] Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. [19] For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,

Jesus is the mediator of the New Testament, for a testament is a force after men are dead. Otherwise, the New Testament could not happen until the Testator (Christ) died.

Then why did Old Testament exist? Who shed blood for the Old Testament? Moses sacrificed innocent beings for the Old Testament (animals, such as lambs).

 

The 10 Divisions of the Bible

– Law (Genesis to Deuteronomy)
– History (Joshua – Esther)
– Poetry (Job – Song of Solomon)
– Major Prophets (Isaiah – Daniel)
– Minor Prophets (Hosea – Malachi)
– Gospels (Matthew – John)
– History (Acts)
– Pauline Epistles (Romans – Hebrews) [Note: While the author of Hebrews is Paul, the book contains verses that apply to a different group of people, which are the Hebrews. Therefore, it technically belongs in the General Epistles, but for this teaching, we will put it in the Pauline Epistles since Paul wrote it.]
– General Epistles (James – Jude)
– Prophesy (Revelation)

 

The names of the Bible

In below few verses, the Bible is also known as:

John 10:35 KJV – Scripture
John 5:47 KJV – Writings
Acts 17:11-13 KJV – Word of God
Romans 3:2 – Oracles of God

 

The positions of the Bible

1. It is more important than food (Job 23:12; Matthew 4:4)

2. It is the only visible thing today, in this age that shows what is true. Not signs, wonders, or miracles exist today to show truth. (John 17:17)

3. It is held in higher esteem than the name of God. In the Old Testament, if you took God’s name in vain, you would be stoned to death. (Psalm 138:2) Therefore, It is important to have the right Bible (King James).

 

Authorship Of The Bible

No other book throughout history has had up to 40 authors for one Book. See below for the names of all the authors involved in the writing of the Bible.

Moses (Genesis – Deuteronomy)
Joshua (Joshua)
Ezra (Ezra, 1-2 Chronicles)
Nehemiah (Nehemiah)
Mordecai / Ezra / Nehemiah (Esther)
King David ( 73 chapters of Psalms)
Asaph (Psalm 50, 73-83)
Descendants of Korah (Psalms 42, 44-49, 84. 87-88)
Heman (Ezrahite, Psalms 88)
Ethan (Ezrahite, Psalms 89)
Solomon (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Psalms 72, 127)
Isaiah
Jeremiah (Jeremiah, Lamentations, perhaps 1 & 2 Kings, but not sure)
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John (Revelation)
Paul (13 epistles: Romans, 1&2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1&2 Thessalonians, 1&2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews[?])
James
Peter
Jude

The variety of the Bible

Variety of authors – The Bible is written by a variety of people, consisting of an educated student (Moses), a king (David), a tax collector (Matthew), a doctor (Luke), a war general (Joshua), a music artist (Asaph), an extremely wise philosopher (Solomon), a government leader (Daniel), ignorant fishermen (Peter, James and John), ragged prophets (the authors of Isaiah to Malachi in the OT), regular Christians (Mark & Jude), and many more.

Variety of time periods – covers 16 various centuries (Sumerian era, Babylonian era, Egyptian era, Persian era, and the Roman reign)

Variety of languages – translated into more than 1000 languages and dialects. No other book has ever been translated so much.

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