Bible Study about Sin

Feb 2, 2020


From the Webster’s 1828 dictionary,

Transgression, evil, a violation of an accepted moral, religious or social code

From the bible,

a. Sin is an act. The breaking of the law or commandment is sin (1 John 3:4)
b. Sin is a state (the fallen state of men without righteousness) (Rom 5:12)
c. Sin is a nature (the nature of man at enmity with God) (Rom 7:18)


1. Sin originated from Satan Isaiah 12:12-14 Lucifer had a pride problem (the first sin). Sin exists once you lust for something that you shouldn’t (James 1:14-15).

2. Sin entered the world through Adam Rom 5:12

3. The act of the fall of men Gen 3:1-6. It starts out with temptation. Satan is questioning God’s standard. In v2-3, Eve slightly changed the words that God said. Sin is growing. v4 Satan is trying to say that God is a liar. v5 Satan tries to make Eve feel proud. v6 Eve is lusting for something that she shouldn’t and then she acted on it.


1. Transgression : overstepping of the law (Psa 51:1)

2. Iniquity : an act inherently (inwardly) wrong or forbidden as breaking a commandment (Psa 51:9)

3. Error : departure from doing right (2 Sam 6:6-7) – may be unintentional or with good intention

4. Missing the mark : failure to meet divine standard (Rom 3:23)

5. Trespass: intrusion of self-will in God’s authority (1 Chro 21:1-3) – doing what I want to do instead of what God wants me to do

6. Lawlessness: spiritual anarchy (1 Tim 1:9)

7. Debt: failure in duty, things we leave undone (Matt 18:27)

8. Unbelief: insult to the divine veracity of God (Heb 3:12) – rejecting Jesus Christ as saviour


1. Exa 20:3-17 What was listed here: idolatry, cursing, disobedience to parents, murder, adultery, stealing, lying, covetousness

2. 1 Cor 6:9-10 Effeminate (guys acting like females), abusers of themselves with mankind e.g. masturbation, drunkards, revilers :abusive language/talking to other people, extortioners i.e. cheating people off with their money

3. Romans 1:29-31 Unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, maliciousness, envy, debate, deceit, malignity, whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, spiteful, proud, boasters i.e. bragging about yourselves, inventors of evil things eg cigarettes, alchohol, covenant breakers i.e. making promises that you didn’t keep, without natural affection eg homosexuality, bestiality, implacable, unmerciful

4. 1 Tim 1:9-11 Lawlessness, disobedient, unholiness, profanity, whoremonger, kidnapping, false doctrine

5. Colossians 3:5-8 Inordinate affection, evil concupiscence (strong sexual lust), anger, wrath, blasphemy, filthy communication eg dirty jokes

6. Galatians 5:19-21 Lasciviousness (lustfulness),  witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, strife, seditions, heresies, revelings

7. Mark 7:20-23 Evil thoughts, evil eye eg looking at pornography/something shouldn’t look at, foolishness

what is sin


1. It is certain that your sin will be found out Num 32:23

2. It is certain the sinner will be found out Pro 28:13


1. Physical death Gen 3:17,19 Psa 104:29

2. Spiritual death Eph 2:5 1 Pet 3:18 3. Eternal death/ Second death (soul) Rev 21:8


Eph 1:7 1 John 1:7,9 Pro 28:13