Who will rule during the millennium – Jews or Christians? (Rev. 3:9)

Sep 9, 2020

Revelation 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

Verse 9 begins with God speaking about a specific group of people that claim to be Jews but are not, therefore dubbing them the synagogue of Satan. To better understand this particular verse, double application is needed, for both physical (Jews) and spiritual (Christians) applications.

Anti-Semitic, but not for Today’s Israel

The verse further states that these particular fake Jews will one day kneel and beg in front of ‘you’.

Revelation 2:9, however, is infamously used as an anti-Semitic verse for the nation of Israel today. This verse also leads many, including those that study conspiracy theories and the Jewish elite system, to believe the notion that the Jews of today are not God’s people.

However, Revelation 2:9 can instead be used as an anti-Semitic verse for those religions who also claim to be Jews, for instance, the Jehovah’s Witnesses (who claim to be the 144,000 Jews at Revelation 7), the Black Hebrew Israelites, the Muslim nation (which claims the Abrahamic seed comes from Ishmael, not Isaac), the Catholic Church, the Mormon Church, and other similar denominational Christian Churches who replace themselves as God’s people. The heretical idea of replacing God’s people with anyone but the nation of Israel is known as replacement theology, which a sizeable number of Christian Churches, especially Calvinists, believe in today. King James-only, Bible Believing Dispensationalists believe that God has a separate timeline and plan for the nation of Israel and the Christian Church, those of which do not involve breaking a covenant with anyone.

When analyzing Zachariah 8, we notice that the term ‘Jerusalem’ is mentioned a lot as well as the ‘House of Judah’. The connection of these two things means that we are dealing with the present-day nation of Israel. Zachariah 8:23 proves that God is not finished dealing with the nation of Israel since Jews will still be revered as God’s people. This explains who the ‘you’ in Revelation 3:9 is. The aforementioned verse also states that people will worship at the feet of Jews because they will know that God is with them, specifically those that claim to be Jews. This rules out modern-day Jews and labels those who are against them (anti-Semitic) as the synagogue of Satan.

Zachariah 8:23 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.

Revelation 2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.

Double Application

God gives an oath to David’s house (his seed) to establish Solomon’s kingdom forever, which includes the modern-day Jews. Verse 14, however, is where we find the double application.

The first half of the verse refers to Jesus Christ while the part about the chastening belongs to Solomon (as he was chastened for his transgressions). To further understand the context of verse 14, we refer to Hebrews 1:5 which also mentions a father and son relationship (between God and Jesus Christ). Verse 8 mentions the establishment of Jesus’ kingdom forever, which is accomplished through the Christian Church.

Hebrews 1:5-6,8 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him. But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

The double application of 2 Samuel 7:14 stems from the fact that two kingdoms are established forever, David’s through Solomon’s line and Christ’s through Christians.

2 Samuel 7:5,11-15 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the Lord, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the Lord telleth thee that he will make thee an house. And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.  I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

Another instance of double application is in Psalms 89 when it refers to David’ as God’s firstborn. Jesus can also be considered the first begotten in this passage because it is mentioned in Hebrews 1 along with their established relationship as Father and Son. 1 Corinthians 15 further reinforces this application with Jesus being the firstfruits mentioned in this verse. Verse 27 refers to making the firstborn higher than the kings of the earth which is also Jesus. Jesus’ seed is established forever in verse 29 while David’s is established in verse 36.

Psalms 89:27-29, 36 Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.

Going back to Revelation 3:9, it makes sense to treat it as a double application verse.

  • Doctrinally, Tribulation saints (Jews) are given the key of David (through being faithful and enduring) to rule at the Millennium.
  • Spiritually, the seed of Christ is also established forever, thus Christians will also be ruling in the Millennium.
  • Both Israel and the Church will receive reverence from those claiming to be for God or for Christ during this time.