This article is mostly for Catholic apologists.
Roman Catholic’s argument would be that Esau, Esther, Orientals bow down to one another, but they are not worshipping one another. There is nothing wrong with bowing down to one another. When you combine the bowing down and the building of an image, that is when it becomes condemned by the bible.
Leviticus 26: 1 Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land, to bow down unto it: for I am the Lord your God.
1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.
Roman Catholic’s argument is that saints and angels can intercede on our behalf and therefore, it is okay to pray to them. These would be their “evidence verses”:
Exodus 10:17 Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my sin only this once, and intreat the Lord your God, that he may take away from me this death only.
In the above verse, we make petition and request to other people in the physical world. There is no verse where a dead saint is praying on behalf of the alive person.
1 Timothy 2:1,5 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
In the above verse, Catholics say that you can pray to a dead saint, e.g. David and then Christ Jesus will be the final mediator. But there is no verse that supports this theory. We intercede by praying for another person, but we do not take the place of God when interceding.
Revelation 8: 3-4 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel’s hand.
Catholics say that the prayers of the saints refer to the prayers that we prayed to the saints. But that’s not the case, the saints here are not even the Christians, they are the tribulation saints who were praying vengeance, as evidenced in the verse below.
Revelation 6: 9-10 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
Another evidence that we cannot pray to dead saints is here. Because when we pray to dead saints, we are speaking to people in the spirit world which is both consulting a familiar spirit and necromancy. They would argue that Jesus Christ spoke to the dead saints too, but we have to remember that He is God and God lives in the spirit realm. No man is allowed to do that.
Deuteronomy 18:11 Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.
How can we intercede for the saints when the Spirit is the one that intercedes for us?
Romans 8: 26-27 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
No one would have a clean conscience to claim the Holy Father title for himself.
John 17: 11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are.
This is what the bible says:
Matthew 23:9And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
Matthew 6:7 But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.
The Catholic apologists may say that Jesus prayed 3 times at the garden of Gethsemane. There is nothing wrong with praying earnestly or repeating a prayer. But, not like a robot.
Then, we will have to ask, then what do you believe in. If they say they believe/trust in what their priests are doing, then go back to the catechism because the priests would be using them. They may say that they do not believe the bible. They may quote their early church fathers to be better than the bible, but who’s the higher authority? What about Peter’s writings in the bible?
They may also say that it was Catholics that chose the books of the bible. They did not do a good job then because there are so many verses that kick the Roman Catholics.
Mark 7: 7-9 Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do. And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition.
Do not keep to the traditions/writings of the early fathers instead of following what the Bible commands. May your eyes be opened to see the truth.